Please note this post is in Swedish
Igår den 21 januari 2019 skrev Siri Helle i DN att det är dags att sluta prata om skärmtid. Intressant med tanke på Regeringsförklaringen den 21 januari 2019 om mobilförbud i skolan.
Forskning visar redan väl att 4e industriella revolutionen och ökade digitalisering i samhället förändrar vårt sätt att leva, lära, umgås, arbeta, kommunicera och relatera till varandra
.. det är så redan och kommer att bli än mer.
Helle menar att det är dags att vi nyanserar diskussionen. Visst mobiler och sociala medier kan göra oss stressade, ofokuserade och ytliga. Men det är bara halva sanningen. Forskning visar att det finns massvis av användningsområden som faktiskt stärker våra relationer och får oss att må bättre.
Dessutom talas det enbart om skärmtid då det gäller den unga generationen och skärmtid för barn och unga diskuteras ofta. Samma diskussion borde också gälla den äldre generationen och deras tv-tittande. Varför ifrågasätter ingen de äldre överviktiga och den tid de tillbringar i tv-soffan frågar sig Helena Olsson? (visserligen från en artikel publicerad DN Åsikt 1 decmeber 2017, men tänkvärt). Läs mer här
In Mid February, more exactly 15-16 February 2018, I was invited as keynote speaker to the Regional Consultation Meeting on Quality Assurance in Higher Education for the Western European Region, The role of Quality Assurance in Higher Education: challenges, developments and trendsThe role of Quality Assurance in Higher Education: challenges, developments and trends, Geneva, CICG, organized by UNESCO, and AAQ Schwitzerland. The event was part of the Regional Consultaton Meeetings aroud teh globe.
My presentation was in the session:
11:00-13:10 Session 1 - Quality Assurance and the Diversification of Provision in Higher Education
Ebba Ossiannilsson, Swedish Association for Distance Education, Leader of EDEN SIG for QE in TEL, ICDE Focal Points on Quality, Sweden - "Quality models in online and open education around the globe: State of the art and recommendations"
Facilitator: Padraig Walsh, Chief executive, Quality and Qualifications Ireland (QQI), Ireland; Advisory Council Member, CHEA International Quality Group
My presentation had its point of departure from the ICDE research study Global overview of quality models: State of the art and recommendations. The study was carried out on behalf of the International Council for Open and Distance Education (ICDE) by a team coordinated by the European Association for Distance Teaching Universities (EADTU) is for:
- institutional leaders responsible for quality in online, open and flexible higher education
- faculty wanting to have an overview of the field
- newcomers that want to develop quality schemes
- policy makers in governments, agencies and organisations
- major educational stakeholders in the international community
The report provides the first global overview of quality models in online and open education, an overview which is very timely, delivered as it is for Global Education 2030, the new global educational agenda which replaces Education For All, EFA. The report is available in three parts, the Summary, the Complete report, and its Appendices.
The reflections from the Geneva Consultation Meeting, Europe exchanged on the challenges, developments and trends within Quality Assurance in Higher Education witness the great interest aroused among the 135 participants.The first positive echoes received were a great result already. The speakers’ presentations. They are now available for download on the event’s website. Some highlights are to be discovered on the photo gallery of the event.
The parallel event for the Eastern European region will be held in Moscow on 23-24 April 2018.
> More information
Results of the 6 regional meetings will be brought to the Unesco Global Conference on Quality Assurance in Higher Education, to be held in Paris on 21-23 November 2018.
An updated version of the UNESCO proposal for a recommendation for Open Educational Resources (OER), is now available. This version is based on the views of UNESCO member countries, so even from my own country Sweden, which was sent to UNESCO in January 2019. I have been involved myself as an OER expert, but also as an expert on behalf of the ICDE OER Advocacy Committee
The proposal will now be discussed at an intergovernmental expert meeting at the end of May. Thereafter, a decision to adopt a recommendation will be taken by UNESCO's general conference in November 2019. Will be of interest to follow the necessary strategies and further implementation in Sweden, but of course eve worldwide.
Conclusions in four points
- Further to 39 C/Resolution 44, and 201 EX/Decision 9, a Recommendation has been identified as the best-suited form of standard-setting instrument in this area. It has been recognized that in comparison to a Convention, a Recommendation is more flexible and will become operational more rapidly. Despite being a statement of principles, it has the potential to raise the profile of OER collaboration to a higher political level in all Member States of UNESCO. This can play an important role in stimulating the realization of the potential of OER for accessing knowledge freely, providing quality content at no cost, helping to foster equitable and inclusive teaching and learning and supporting curriculum development at all levels.
- Recognizing that the Ljubljana OER Action Plan is the outcome of a lengthy process of international collaboration and consensus building, the main themes of the Recommendation are drawn as a starting point from this document. Therefore, the draft Recommendation addresses five objectives: (i) Building capacity of stakeholders to create access, use, adapt and redistribute OER; (ii) Developing supportive policy; (iii) Encouraging inclusive and equitable quality OER; (iv) Nurturing the creation of sustainability models for OER; and (v) Facilitating international cooperation.
- A Recommendation on OER could potentially play a strong role in supporting strategic cooperation between the Member States in OER development, to minimize unnecessary duplication in OER development investments and to develop a global pool of culturally diverse, locally relevant, gender-responsive, accessible, educational materials in multiple languages.
- Based on the present study, it is clear that a Recommendation on OER would provide a dynamic and effective solution for supporting an international collaboration in this area which is of utmost importance at a time when the usage, creation, and availability of OER has become an essential building block for achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Mobile Learning Week is UNESCO’s flagship ICT in education conference. Mobile Learning Week 2018 is organized in partnership with the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the United Nations specialized agency for ICT. The event was held from 26 to 30 March 2018, at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris. The 2018 event was organized under the theme “Skills for a connected world”. Participants will exchange knowledge about the ways governments and other stakeholders can define and achieve the skills-related targets specified by Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4).
The conference, consisted of four related sub-events, whch aimed to facilitate actions to:
Defining and mainstreaming digital skills;
Innovating skills provision for jobs in the digital economy;
Closing inequalities and gender divides; and
Mapping and anticipating changing skill needs
The MLW 2018 gathered participants from all over the world, and approxiamtely over 100 countries. During the week Workshops, Symosium, Policy Forum, and Strategy Labs were held. Of special interest, in my opinin was the Policy Forum, which offered a platform to discuss the different pathways that governments are using to support the development of the digital skills required in the digital economy. Moblie learning was of course emphasized as the only way forwar to reach the UNESCO SDG4. However, there are still huge gaps around the worls on the leading highlighted SDG€ themes on access, equity, equality, inclusiveness, lifelong and lifewide learning, and quality. In addition, there are even huges gaps around the world when it comes to digital competences, for iife and for education.
I have been invited by the Swedish National Commission for UNESCO, Ministry of Education and Research to give my view and arguments to the Swedish Government on the UNESCO suggestions for recommendations on Open Educational Resources (OER), which has been sent out to all member organizations. I am excited and honored. The Swedish Association for Distance Education (SADE) has in addition been asked, to give answers and suggestions for the answers to the Swedish Government. Today, I have drafted both replies.
From ICDE OERAC (OER Advocacy Committee) which I am charing (read more below on ICDE OERAC) we earlier answered on the pre-consultation for this current recommendations. In both my replies, both as an expert and an expert from SADE I will answer in the name of Chair of OERAC.See also my post on LinkedInfor ICDE OERAC
The recommendations have been discussed after several years of discussion, conferences, and summits. In autumn 2017 UNESCO decided that there are needs:
“to reinforce international collaboration in the field of Open Educational Resources (OER)” and that “a recommendation could be an essential tool to strengthen the implementation of national and international legislation, policies and strategies in this field, as well as to enhance international cooperation on the use of Open Educational Resources (OER) in support of Sustainable Development Goal 4 ‘Education’.
The Recommendation conclude three main standpoints
1. Based on the present study, it is clear that a Recommendation on International Collaboration on Open Educational Resources is both desirable and feasible. Such a new UNESCO normative instrument is desirable because education is diversifying rapidly in all parts of the world while at the same time the usage, creation, and availability of Open Educational Resources have become global as well as regional.
2. The advantage of a Recommendation is that it is flexible and meant to allow for contextualization. However, a framework for Open Educational Resources delivery for international cooperation towards further and extended capacity building is missing and a Recommendation should build on decades of work in developing and implementing Open Educational Resources related policies and actions.
3. It will rely on tools developed over the years that have helped to deliver Open Educational Resources criteria and procedures. The events, documents, and surveys conducted presented in this study clearly demonstrated that a majority of those most familiar with Open Educational Resources firmly support the move to a standard-setting
UNESCO har skickat ett förslag till alla länders regeringar angående rekommendationer om implementering för Open Educational Resources (OER). Regeringskansliet i Sverige har också erhålleit den och har därför nu gått ut till berörda för att få synpunkter. Jag är stolt och hedrad att direkt från Regeringskansliet blivit tillfrågad att yttra mig. Jag leder ICDEs OER Advocacy Committé och därigenom har vi bidragit till de skrivningar som nu föreligger i förslaget.
Från Regeringskansliet står det bl.a. i förfrågan:
Det politiska intresset från både denna och förra regeringen har dessvärre varit ganska svagt vad gäller OER.
OER är oftat licensierade med Creative Commons (CC) och definieras av UNESCO så här
Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning and research materials in any medium – digital or otherwise – that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions.
Förslaget kommer efter flera års diskussioner inom UNESCO om behovet av rekommendationer för OER. UNESCOs generalkonferens beslutade hösten 2017 att det finns ett behov
...to reinforce international collaboration in the field of Open Educational Resources (OER)” och att “a recommendation could be an essential tool to strengthen the implementation of national and international legislation, policies and strategies in this field, as well as to enhance international cooperation on the use of Open Educational Resources (OER) in support of Sustainable Development Goal 4 ‘Education’”.
Förslaget om rekommendationer om OER kommer att behandlas på Unescos generalkonferens 2019.
I enlighet med Unescos stadgar måste en preliminär rapport och ett förslag på rekommendation skickas till samtliga medlemsländer med möjlighet för synpunkter i god tid innan en rekommendation kan antas.
En rekommendation riktar sig till medlemsländerna och är ett uttryck för gemensamma ståndpunkter i en viss fråga och en uppmaning att genomföra vad som framförs i rekommendationen. Samtliga medlemsländer ska sedan rapportera om genomförandet av en rekommendation vart fjärde år till Unesco.
Jag ska lämna synpunkter på rekommendationen senast den 30 november. Sedan kommer Regeringskansliet att sammanställa samtliga inkomna synpunkter och bereda dessa innan Sveriges synpunkter skickas till Unesco i januari.