Welcome to my Blog

Here, I will discuss topics, and current trends on open, online, flexible and technology enabled/enhanced learning (OOFAT), including Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC), Open Educational resourses (OER), Open Educational Practice (OEP, and Open Educational Culture (OEC). In addition I will discuss current trends and news related to quality, innovation, serendipity, rhizome learning, agility, and leadership.

AJOQI. Greenland - Teacher Education

I am so exited, and honored!

I have been invited to take part and contribute in a new interesting and exiting project with Greenland, and Ole Thorleifsen. The project aims to plan and start a teachers’ education for pedagogical untrained teachers in Greenland. These teachers are employed in the schools in Greenland, and many of them have been educators for years, and they have participated in numerous government/university arranged courses, but they haven’t obtained any certificate which gives them a status as a teacher with the benefits as a trained teacher. The goal with this prospect is to design a teachers’ education to these educators, so they can study two subjects besides pedagogy/didactics through three years and through their study, they have exams in the subjects and if they pass all the requirements in the curriculum, they can get a certificate as a trained teacher. The project is funded by Institute of Learning at the University of Greenland.

The project will be in three parts:

  • Distant education frame – will be designed in close collaboration with the municipal school administrations, Institute of learning and the Education Agency.
  • ICT framework and modify Open Educational Resources – the group is: Ebba Ossiannilsson, Lund, Sweden; Kati Clement, Jyäskylä, Finland; Jan Pawlowski, Essen, Germany, Thuridur Johannesdottir, University of Iceland, and Ole Thorleifsen, Nuuk, Greenland. The work will be assessed by a subject based clearinghouse with participants from the University of Greenland.
  • Curriculum -there will be established a group to write a curriculum for the education.

Information about the Greenlandic school system

The first discussion with the project team, took place in Copenhagen 26 February 2018. A fruitful and graet meeting with a very professional and enthusiastic team, led by Ole Thorleifsen. After information about the conditons and context, a lively discussion within the team took place. We were rather quick and efficient, mixed with a lot of fun and joy,  drawing up the schedule and the coming work within the project. I think we are the very best team to fulfil such interesting mission and tasks we have ahead. The first meeting in Greenland will be held in April 16-17 2018.

The Project became coined AJOQI, after the greenlandic word for the projects activities. 

Greenland (GreenlandicKalaallit Nunaatpronounced [kalaːɬit nunaːt]DanishGrønlandpronounced [ˈɡʁɶnˌlanˀ]) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe (specifically Norway and Denmark, the colonial powers, as well as the nearby island of Iceland) for more than a millennium.[9] The majority of its residents are Inuit, whose ancestors began migrating from the Canadian mainland in the 13th century, gradually settling across the island. Greenland is the world's largest island.

CC OER Policy Registry has moved to the OER World Map

Creative Commons OER Policy Registryis currently moved to the OER World Map. The registry allows anybody to easily share, update, and browse open education policies and legislation. It also hosts supporting policy resources such as case studies and guides.

Adding open policies as a new layer to the OER World Map enables open advocates and policymakers to get a more complete picture of all open education activities in a particular country or region.

How Open Educational Resources can Help OGP Initiatives

I was happy and delighted to contribute to this Blogpost for Open Government PartnershipThis post is a portion of the original Creative Commons blog post. Read it here.

Currently we face both a swell of support for open educational resources (OER) and devastating upheaval of our traditional education systems. Resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, over 1.5 billion youth are out of school, countless teachers and parents are pivoting to online teaching and education systems face immense financial strain. While OER are not a magic cure for the current education crisis, there are opportunities to work with open education efforts to build greater resiliency within our learning ecosystems and also support open government efforts. 

Open educational resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research materials that are either (a) in the public domain or (b) licensed in a manner that provides everyone with free and perpetual permission to retain, use, change and share the works with others. OER are one facet of open education, or efforts to make education more affordable, accessible and effective–providing unfettered access to learning to as many people as possible. Open education involves open practices, open policies and open educational resources.

Today, we have a stronger need and the established international frameworks to use OER to fuel our education efforts and collective commitments. This pandemic highlights the effects closing access to information and communication has on communities; conversely it demonstrates how essential open practices (free sharing of information, unfettered access to education materials) are to our collective human security. 

Now more than ever, governments recognize the potential of OER–and the opportunity to partner under international frameworks that support open education goals. In November 2019, UNESCO unanimously passed the UNESCO Open Educational Resources (OER) Recommendation to advance the construction of open, inclusive and participatory knowledge societies and established a Dynamic Coalition of government, civil society and private sector experts connected to support the recommendations. The OER Recommendation dovetails with SDG4efforts, emphasizing that open education can support “inclusive and equitable quality education” and “lifelong learning opportunities for all.”

How can you get involved? 

  • Open education networks have provided outreach–offering “how to” webinars, support for emotional wellbeing, and lists of open resources for use. View this wikipedia article section collecting just a few of the resources and responses. 
  • Join the Creative Commons open education listserv or Slack community or discuss opportunities for engagement in open education efforts with This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; or open data and open source efforts with This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

This post was written in collaboration with Jan GondolEbba OssiannilssonKarolina Szczepaniak and Spencer Ellis.

Featured Photo by Allison Shelly/The Verbatium Agency for American Education: Images of Teachers and Students in Action, licensed CC BY-NC 4.0

1110 Vermont Ave NW Suite 500 Washington D.C. 20005 www.opengovpartnership.org @opengovpart

 
OGP is excited to launch Open Response + Open Recovery, a new campaign to ensure open gov values are forefront as we move through COVID-19 response and recovery. 
Have a resource, webinar, or article you'd like to promote through the campaign? Drop us an email at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or tag OGP on social media.

ICDE Lillehammer conference on February 11-13 February 2019

The ICDE OER Advocacy Committeewhich I am leading will organize a Symposium during the ICDE Lillehammer conference on February 11-13 February 2019 on OER, and OEP for access, equity, equality, quality, inclusiveness, and empowering lifelong learning(Panel), (3E).

It is well recognized that Open Educational Resources (OER) serves as a catalyst for lifelong learning (LLL), and Continuous Professional Development (CPD). OER can make significant contributions to the United Nation, UNESCO Sustainability Goals (SDG), especially number 4 on education, with its key pillars of access, equity, equality, quality, and inclusion.

The speed of digitalization is constantly challenging and affecting the ways we work. These challenges require new skills and competencies which again has led to an increasing focus on and demand for lifelong learning by society. Almost 300 delegates from 35 countries are ready to learn more, share experiences and discuss the future of lifelong learning for employability at the conference.

OERcamp.global 2021 – an Unconference on OER 9-11 December 2021

OERcamp.global took place in a format called ‘BarCamp’. This unconference format invited everyone to contribute to the programme. It’s an open and participatory event, made of user-generated workshop events. The opening session of OERcamp.global started on 9 December 2021 at 1 pm UTC. We had 48 hours of sessions and plenary hours so that everyone could choose the time of the day (or night) to participate in the event. OERcamp.global comprised 114 sessions from 186 speakers. 79 sessions and 11 keynotes have been recorded. There were 1089 registrations from 87 different countries. The session hosts provide videos, slides, etc. via Sched. Videos from the keynote talks are published on this playlist on YouTube

Read also another post I wrote about #OERcamp partly published by ICDE. See slides here from the keynote session.

During the OERcamp I had two sessions, one keynote on OER-a a new social contract for learning throughout the lifespan. See also the presentation at SlideShare. I also presented the ICDE ENCORE+ and the ICDE Francophone project (LIDAfr)

My other session was with Christian Stracke and Ramesh Sharma on A Global Study on Macro, Meso, and Micro aspects of Open Education due to the COVID-19. See the recording here OERCampGlobal-A Global Study of Macro, Meso and Micro aspects of Open Education due to COVID-19 and the slides here

Why an OERcamp.global?

Let’s celebrate OER! Let’s share our knowledge, experience, and resources! Let’s get to know each other, as individuals, as organizations, globally! Let’s talk about our projects, our aims, our hopes, and also about our doubts and challenges.

OER is all about sharing – and why should we stop at geographical borders? We gathered for a 48-hour unconference with practitioners, activists, scientists, OER, and novices from around the globe. 

All areas from the UNESCO OER Recommendation was covered during the OERcamp Global 2021

Open Education Leadership 2018, Paris, France

The Open Education Leadership Summit 2018 on 3-4 December 2018 in Paris, hosted by Le Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers (CNAM).

I took part in the Summit as Chair and Ambassador of the ICDE OER Advocacy Committee.  Several of us from the ICDE OER Advocacy Committee participated, and some of us traveled further to OEB18 Shaping the Future to present a Symposium on Roadmaps for Open Education Leadership.

The Open Education Leadership Summit 2018 was organized in collaboration with International Council for Open and Distance Education, ICDE, Open Education Consortium, OEC and the French Ministry for Higher Education and Research (MESR).

Over 200 delegates (mainly leaders and senior managers) from all over the globe were represented from over 55 countries during two days. The topics were on:

Setting the scene: How Open Education unveils in different regions of the world, leadership approaches.
The Open Education leadership challenges: Policy, Quality, Digitalization, Transformation and Sustaining educational offerings.
Open Education strategies for break through achievements, designing a roadmap.
How can collaboration increase impact from Open Education?
Leading Open Education - Best practice cases.
Open Education as a catalyst for innovation.
Students voice for open education.
I want to start up Open Education, what are the pathways and stepping stones.
The collaborative roadmap for achieving more. 

Open Educational Resources (OER) Recommendation-Consultation

I have recently been involved as expert in two important international consultations. One was about the UNESCO open call and consultation on Open Educational Resources (OER) Recommendation. From the ICDE OER Advocacy Committee, which I Chair, and in collaboration wiht the ICDE Chairs in OERwe replied to the Consultation. 

Although, the text is very promising and very good, the area of quality related issues are not especially addressed, which we emphasized and gave suggestions  for.

The Draft text for the OER Recommendations was in four parts
I. Definition and Scope

II. Aims and Objectives

III. Areas of Actions

IV. Monitoring

Of special interest can the  four areas of actions be mentioned

  1. Build the capacity of stakeholders to find, re-use, create and share OER
  2. Develop support policy
  3. Ensure inclusive and equitable access to quality OER
  4. Nurture the creation osf sustainabiliyt models for OER

The aim of the consultation was to 

In order to facilitate the online consultation process, we would like to informs you that the worldwide consultation on the drafting of the UNESCO Open Educational Resources (OER) Recommendation text is now OPEN.

The Draft Recommendation text has been prepared by a group of experts from UNESCO and experts, stakeholders, researchers and practicioners in the field of OER from all World Regions.

The OER Recommendation builds on the Ljubljana OER Action Plan (attachment) which was the product of a worldwide open consultation process - 6 Regional Consultations, open online consultation and debate during the 2nd World OER Congress held from 18 to 20 September 2017 in Ljubljana, Slovenia, with over 500 stakeholders from all regions, including 14 Ministers of Education or Higher Education.

We would like to kindly ask you to forward this open invitation to contribute to the draft of the OER Recommendation text to the responsible authorities as well as to all interested institutions in your countries.

Of course, we are looking forward also to your own active participation so that we could guarantee an inclusive approach and the development of a worldwide recognized draft recommendation text.

The text is available in English and French on:

https://www.oercongress.org/unesco-oer-recommendation/

https://www.oercongress.org/fr/recommandation-sur-les-rel/

UNESCO Draft Recommendation concerning OER 2019

An updated version of the UNESCO proposal for a recommendation for Open Educational Resources (OER), is now available. This version is based on the views of UNESCO member countries, so even from my own country Sweden, which was sent to UNESCO in January 2019. I have been involved myself as an OER expert, but also as an expert on behalf of the ICDE OER Advocacy Committee

The proposal will now be discussed at an intergovernmental expert meeting at the end of May. Thereafter, a decision to adopt a recommendation will be taken by UNESCO's general conference in November 2019. Will be of interest to follow the necessary strategies and further implementation in Sweden, but of course eve worldwide.

oer unesco

Conclusions in four points

  1. Further to 39 C/Resolution 44, and 201 EX/Decision 9, a Recommendation has been identified as the best-suited form of standard-setting instrument in this area. It has been recognized that in comparison to a Convention, a Recommendation is more flexible and will become operational more rapidly. Despite being a statement of principles, it has the potential to raise the profile of OER collaboration to a higher political level in all Member States of UNESCO. This can play an important role in stimulating the realization of the potential of OER for accessing knowledge freely, providing quality content at no cost, helping to foster equitable and inclusive teaching and learning and supporting curriculum development at all levels.
  2. Recognizing that the Ljubljana OER Action Plan is the outcome of a lengthy process of international collaboration and consensus building, the main themes of the Recommendation are drawn as a starting point from this document. Therefore, the draft Recommendation addresses five objectives: (i) Building capacity of stakeholders to create access, use, adapt and redistribute OER; (ii) Developing supportive policy; (iii) Encouraging inclusive and equitable quality OER; (iv) Nurturing the creation of sustainability models for OER; and (v) Facilitating international cooperation. 
  3. A Recommendation on OER could potentially play a strong role in supporting strategic cooperation between the Member States in OER development, to minimize unnecessary duplication in OER development investments and to develop a global pool of culturally diverse, locally relevant, gender-responsive, accessible, educational materials in multiple languages.
  4. Based on the present study, it is clear that a Recommendation on OER would provide a dynamic and effective solution for supporting an international collaboration in this area which is of utmost importance at a time when the usage, creation, and availability of OER has become an essential building block for achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

UNESCO OER Recommendations

I have been invited by the Swedish National Commission for UNESCO, Ministry of Education and Research to give my view and arguments to the Swedish Government on the UNESCO suggestions for recommendations on Open Educational Resources (OER), which has been sent out to all member organizations. I am excited and honored.  The Swedish Association for Distance Education (SADE) has in addition been asked,  to give answers and suggestions for the answers to the Swedish Government. Today, I have drafted both replies.

From ICDE OERAC (OER Advocacy Committee)  which I am charing (read more below on ICDE OERAC) we earlier answered on the pre-consultation for this current recommendations.  In both my replies, both as an expert and an expert from SADE I will answer in the name of Chair of OERAC.See also my post on LinkedInfor ICDE OERAC

The recommendations have been discussed after several years of discussion, conferences, and summits. In autumn 2017 UNESCO decided that there are needs:

 

“to reinforce international collaboration in the field of Open Educational Resources (OER)” and that “a recommendation could be an essential tool to strengthen the implementation of national and international legislation, policies and strategies in this field, as well as to enhance international cooperation on the use of Open Educational Resources (OER) in support of Sustainable Development Goal 4 ‘Education’.

image.png

The Recommendation conclude three main standpoints

1. Based on the present study, it is clear that a Recommendation on International Collaboration on Open Educational Resources is both desirable and feasible. Such a new UNESCO normative instrument is desirable because education is diversifying rapidly in all parts of the world while at the same time the usage, creation, and availability of Open Educational Resources have become global as well as regional. 

2. The advantage of a Recommendation is that it is flexible and meant to allow for contextualization. However, a framework for Open Educational Resources delivery for international cooperation towards further and extended capacity building is missing and a Recommendation should build on decades of work in developing and implementing Open Educational Resources related policies and actions. 

3. It will rely on tools developed over the years that have helped to deliver Open Educational Resources criteria and procedures. The events, documents, and surveys conducted presented in this study clearly demonstrated that a majority of those most familiar with Open Educational Resources firmly support the move to a standard-setting 

UNESCO rekommendationer för Open Educational Resources (OER)

UNESCO har skickat ett förslag till alla länders regeringar angående rekommendationer om implementering för Open Educational Resources (OER). Regeringskansliet i Sverige har också erhålleit den och har därför nu gått ut till berörda för att  få synpunkter. Jag är stolt och hedrad att direkt från Regeringskansliet blivit tillfrågad att yttra mig. Jag leder ICDEs OER Advocacy Committé och därigenom har vi bidragit till de skrivningar som nu föreligger i förslaget.

Från Regeringskansliet står det bl.a. i förfrågan:

Det politiska intresset från både denna och förra regeringen har dessvärre varit ganska svagt vad gäller OER.

OER är oftat licensierade med Creative Commons (CC) och definieras av UNESCO så här

Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning and research materials in any medium – digital or otherwise – that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions.

Förslaget kommer efter flera års diskussioner inom UNESCO om behovet av  rekommendationer för OER. UNESCOs generalkonferens beslutade hösten 2017 att det finns ett behov

...to reinforce international collaboration in the field of Open Educational Resources (OER)” och att “a recommendation could be an essential tool to strengthen the implementation of national and international legislation, policies and strategies in this field, as well as to enhance international cooperation on the use of Open Educational Resources (OER) in support of Sustainable Development Goal 4 ‘Education’”.

Förslaget om rekommendationer om OER kommer att behandlas på Unescos generalkonferens 2019.

I enlighet med Unescos stadgar måste en preliminär rapport och ett förslag på rekommendation skickas till samtliga medlemsländer med möjlighet för synpunkter i god tid innan en rekommendation kan antas. 

En rekommendation riktar sig till medlemsländerna och är ett uttryck för gemensamma ståndpunkter i en viss fråga och en uppmaning att genomföra vad som framförs i rekommendationen. Samtliga medlemsländer ska sedan rapportera om genomförandet av en rekommendation vart fjärde år till Unesco.

Jag ska lämna synpunkter på rekommendationen senast den 30 november. Sedan kommer Regeringskansliet att sammanställa samtliga inkomna synpunkter och bereda dessa innan Sveriges synpunkter skickas till Unesco i januari.

Vad menas egentligen med öppenhet?

Blogginläggets idé kommer från nätverket Mötesplats OER och är främst författat av Josefine Hellroth Larsson, Ebba Ossiannilsson och Christophe Premat.Blogposten är på svenska (The BLog is in Swedish)

 

Vi i nätverket Mötesplats OER vill se medvetenhet och handling från såväl utbildningsinstitutioner, museer och skolor som från ansvariga myndigheter och regering när det gäller att lyfta vikten av OER och hela öppenhetsrörelsen förespråkad av Unesco. Fritt (gratis) på nätet är en sak, men öppenhet något helt annat när det kommer till mänskliga rättigheter och social rättvisa. Det betyder att människor ges möjlighet att anpassa, dela och använda utbildningsmaterial utifrån sina egna behov och sammanhang.

oer unesco

OER-loggan i oförändrad version, av JonathasmelloCC BY 3.0

Unescos OER-rekommendationer

I höstas (25 november 2019) antogs Unescos rekommendationer för hur medlemsstater globalt och lokalt ska arbeta med implementeringen av OER, av nästan 200 länder. Rekommendationerna går från medvetandegörande till handling, implementering, monitorering och utvärdering. Det är fem områden som prioriteras:

  • Utveckla kunskap och kapacitet hos intressenter för att hitta, återanvända, skapa och dela OER
  • Utveckla stödjande politik
  • Tillgodose inkluderande och rättvis tillgång till OER av hög kvalitet, till alla
  • Utveckla hållbarhetsmodeller för OER
  • Underlätta internationellt samarbete (inom alla de fyra områdena ovan)

När vi frågade Regeringskansliet (den 19 maj 2020) vad de menar med “öppen”, och om det finns några krav gällande öppenhet på de institutioner som kommer få del av dessa medel, fick vi följande svar: 

När det gäller vad regeringen avser med öppen nätbaserad utbildning, så avses det som regleras i  högskoleförordningen (11 kap) och anslutande regelverk. Där framgår bl.a. att:  

– Med öppen nätbaserad utbildning avses utbildning som ges via internet och som är öppen för alla, utan förkunskapskrav.
– Öppen nätbaserad utbildning ska knyta an till och främja den utbildning eller forskning som lärosätet redan har.
– Lärosätena får anord­na prov för deltagarna, sätta betyg och utfärda utbildningsintyg.
– Den öppna nätbaserade utbildningen är avgiftsfri för deltagarna.
– Öppen nätbaserad utbildning ger inte rätt till studiemedel.

När det gäller öppna lärresurser har Sverige inte några rekommendationer för hur lärosätena kan arbeta med öppna lärresurser enligt Unescos definition. Det är dock en intressant fråga att titta vidare på och vi tackar för inspelet.

Sverige var alltså en av ungefär 200 stater som antog OER-rekommendationerna för ett halvår sedan, och i dagsläget har Utbildningsdepartementets tjänstemän ingen plan för hur lärosätena ska arbeta med frågan, utan tackar för inspelet. Eftersom Sverige var med i konsultationen inför att rekommendationerna antogs blir vi lite förvånade över responsen. Vi ser också med glädje fram emot att kunna bistå både Utbildningsdepartementet och Svenska Unescorådet på alla tänkbara sätt inför implementeringen av rekommendationerna inom en snar framtid.

 

Det handlar också om att riksdagen så sent som 2019 fastslog attSverige ska vara ett digitalt framgångsland, där “öppna data” har fått ett särskilt fokus. I förslaget kan vi läsa att Sverige halkat efter vad gäller öppna data, och att landets digitalisering bland annat hämmas för att svenska myndigheter inte prioriterar området. Så verkar onekligen vara fallet när det kommer till OER, som kan räknas in i den breda globala rörelsen för öppenhet. Där finner vi också exempelvis open access, som framförallt handlar om öppenhet kring vetenskapliga publikationer, samt de 10 områdena för öppenhet som antogs 2017 i form av Cape Town Open Education Declaration.

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Ebba Ossiannilsson is an e-learning expert and consultant with a range of research interests in the use of digital technologies for learning, teaching and research.
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